Features of the development of Ancient Egypt in the period of the middle kingdom 2040 – 1640. BC

By uniting Egypt, Pharaoh Thebes founded the XI Dynasty and proclaimed the Middle Kingdom. The king enjoyed the support of officials, nullifying the power of local rulers. They took care of the needs of the population, developing thousands of acres of arable land through artificial irrigation.
This period gave impetus to a new flowering of art. The cult of the sun god Ra continued to enjoy immense popularity, but at the same time the cult of the god Osiris, the ruler of the Underworld, spread, which attracted both the rich and the poor.

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