Fill in the table “Comparative characteristics of monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants”.
November 13, 2020
|Criterion for comparison
|Number of cotyledons per seed
||The embryo consists of one cotyledon (scutellum) adjacent to the endosperm
||The embryo usually has two cotyledons
||Simple, usually whole-edged, petiolate. Arc or parallel venation
||Simple and complex. The venation is reticulate (pinnate, fingerlike). Usually the petiole is pronounced
|Usually fibrous, the main root dies off early
||Usually tap root, the main root is well developed. In some herbaceous forms, the root system is fibrous.
||The number of flower parts is usually a multiple of three
||The number of flower parts is usually a multiple of four or five.
||Herbaceous, not capable of secondary thickening. No cambium, no clearly differentiated bark and wood
||Herbaceous or woody. Capable of secondary thickening. There is a cambium. Bark and wood are usually well defined
|Conductive tissue structure
||The conducting bundles are closed. On the cross section of the stem, they are arranged, as it were, randomly.
||The conducting bundles are open. On the cross section of the stem, they are located in a circle or in the form of a cylinder.
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