For what purpose did the king decide to convene the General States?

In the hope of closing the budget deficit by introducing a landless land tax, Louis XVI convened a meeting of “notables” in 1787 (selected representatives of the nobility were present at this meeting: peers, dukes, mantle nobility). The essence of the reform was the abolition of privileges that the nobility possessed, namely, the imposition of partial taxes on the nobility. The monarch hoped for the support of his associates, but this did not happen. Moreover, the nobles opposed Louis XVI and. demanded the convocation of the General States, arguing that all sectors of the population should participate in the discussion of such reforms. The king called the General States to approve the introduction of new taxes. Perhaps he wanted to propose the abolition of pensions and other payments to aristocrats, relying in this decision on the authority of all classes. But he did not manage to make such a proposal. The general states showed disobedience even when clarifying the issue of the voting procedure; whether the decision will be made by the number of votes of the chambers (then the third estate was defeated by the two highest), or the number of deputy votes (representatives of the third estate made up half of the General States). In response to the king’s order to disperse, the deputies refused to do so. Representatives of the third estate, together with some deputies from the two highest, formed the National on June 17, and the Constituent Assembly on July 9.

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