Give examples of the adaptability of organisms to the environment

Drought: plants store moisture during the rainy season, leaves are modified to reduce moisture evaporation
Cold: animals are protected by a thick layer of fur and fat

Plants accommodation

View name Habitat Features of adaptability to environmental conditions
Soft wheat Ground air Self-pollination. Pestle and stamen are in one flower.
Plantain lanceolate Ground air Pollination by the wind. No petals, the flower is easily accessible to the wind.
Apple tree Ground air Pollination by insects. A beautiful flower with a high nectar content and a smell attracting insects.

Animal accommodation

Title Features of adaptability to environmental conditions
Mole Moles – insectivorous small and medium sizes: body length from 5 to 21 cm; weight from 9 to 170 g. They are adapted to the underground, digging lifestyle. Their body is elongated, rounded, covered with thick, even, velvety fur. A mole fur coat has a unique property – its pile grows directly, and is not oriented in a certain direction. This allows the mole to easily move underground in any direction – the pile is free to lie forward and backward. The color of the mole is solid, black, black-brown or dark gray. Shedding occurs 3 times a year: in spring, summer and autumn. The limbs are shortened, the front legs are spade-shapedexpanded; claws are large, flattened from above. The hind limbs are usually weaker than the front. The tail is short. The head is small, elongated. The nose is extended into a movable proboscis. The neck is almost invisible from the outside. Auricles absent. The eyes are undeveloped – they are devoid of the lens and the retina, and the eye openings are tiny, closed by moving eyelids; in some species, the eyes are overgrown. Sense of smell and touch are well developed .
Woodpecker All the structural features of the woodpecker’s body are adapted to his lifestyle; with its tenacious claws, it rests on the steep trunks of a tree, and the tail prevents it from slipping down; strong, sharp beak is the best suited for hollowing; Finally, the language, because of its subtlety, penetrates into any hole and can follow all the twists Inst Foot insect move. The vast majority of species of this family are typical climbing birds, whose whole life passes on trees. And woodpeckers are well adapted to such a life: in most species, the tail is more suitable for climbing trees than for flying
Flounder The streamlined body shape contributes to the rapid movement of animals in the aquatic environment and smooth its shape. With the ligature with the transition to the bottom lifestyle, the body of the flounder is flattened . Bottom fish are usually colored the color of a sandy bottom (stingrays and flounders). At the same time, flounders also have the ability to change color depending on the color of the surrounding background.
Earthworm The skin is covered with mucus, which reduces friction, and facilitates breathing, the presence of bristles on the ventral side, helps to move, the presence of ring and longitudinal muscles, which allows the front end to be thin with the help of ring muscles and squeezed into the cracks in the soil and fixed by bristles and pulling the rear end and thickening moves forward. If necessary, in dense soil, he eats his way, passing the soil through the digestive tract. It has no organs of vision.
Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.