The Taiping leader, Hong Xiuquan (1814-1864), a rural teacher, a native of peasants, knew the life of the people well. His teaching was based on the traditional Chinese ideals of universal equality and prosperity, Confucianism, as well as the principles of Christian morality brought to China by European missionaries. Addressing the people, he argued that God instructed him to rid China of the devil (which meant emperors from the Qing dynasty) and to establish the kingdom of justice – “Heavenly Welfare State” (in Chinese – “Taiping Tianguo”). The participants in this movement were called taipins.
In 1850, the Taipings began an open uprising. Having seized a huge territory, primarily the Yangtze River valley, the rebels announced the creation of a new state with the capital in Nanjing. The head of “Taiping Tianguo” was the “Heavenly Prince” Hong Xiuquan.
Continuing to fight against the imperial government and the feudal lords, the taipings began to carry out reforms that reflected the utopian dreams of the peasants to create a society based on the principle of equal distribution of material wealth.
On the territory of their state, the Taipings limited feudal oppression. In July 1864, government troops, with the support of British and French troops called to help, occupied the capital of Taiping Tianguo, Nanjing, which marked the end of the Taiping state. Many civilians were killed. Shortly before that, Hong Xiuquan, considering the situation hopeless, committed suicide.
Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.