Granting independence and partition of India in the second half of the 20th century

In 1947, the colonial administration announced the granting of independence to India. The formerly single colony was divided into two states on religious grounds – Hindu India and Islamic Pakistan, which received the status of dominions. The principalities and provinces (states) of British India had to decide which of the states they would be included in.
As a result, millions of people were forced to move from their homes.
Many cities have become the scene of bloody clashes between supporters of Hinduism and Islam. The Indo-Pakistani war of 1947-1949 began, which was ended after UN intervention on the basis of a compromise – the division of Jammu and Kashmir between India and Pakistan.
The final step towards gaining independence was the adoption of the 1950 constitution. The INC became the ruling party, which held power until 1977. Its leader until his death in 1964 was J. Nehru, who was replaced by his daughter, I. Gandhi.

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