The spores that form in fungi are one of the ways of reproduction, preservation of the species and its spread throughout the surrounding area. Bacterial spores differ in purpose: they are necessary not only so that bacteria can spread, but also so that the microorganism can survive adverse environmental conditions. Fungal spores are formed by mitosis in special organs – sporangia, or on the surface of the fungus organism. Bacterial spores are usually formed along one of the mother cells, which loses some of the moisture, forms an additional protective membrane and falls into a state of suspended animation. The lifespan of the spore depends on the type of fungus and can range from a week to a quarter of a century. A bacterium in a state of spore can retain the ability to grow when favorable conditions occur, depending on the type of pathogen, from several months to tens of years or more. Also, a bacterial spore is much more stable in the external environment than a fungal spore: the former can withstand very severe frost (more than -100 degrees C) and heat, they are not afraid of radiation and some types of antiseptics and other aggressive chemicals, but fungal spores cannot boast of this can.
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