Marxism is revolutionary socialism.
The founders of the theory – Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels created the doctrine of the class. fight. According to Marx, the transition from one era to another is possible mainly with the help of revolutions – proletarian (socialist) revolutions. As a result of such a revolution, a dictatorship will be established, the proletariat, which will ensure the transition to communism. For the revolution to take place, the proletarians of different countries must create revolutionary parties and join forces.
From theory, Marx and Engels went on to practice. In 1864, the T International was created, which was replaced in 1889 by the Second International. These organizations sought to rally the workers of different countries with the ultimate goal of carrying out a world revolution. On the basis of Marxism, social democratic parties arose in different countries.
By the end of the XIX century. Marxism divided into two directions; revolutionary Marxism and revisionism (the German E. Bershtein subjected Marxism to revision, i.e. checking how it corresponds to the realities of the new, era). Bernstein believed that socialism could not triumph through revolution, but through gradual reforms. The emerging reformist trend of Marxism competed with the revolutionary.
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