How did the industrial revolution begin in England?

The industrial revolution (industrial revolution, the Great Industrial Revolution) is the transition from manual labor to machine labor, from manufactory to a factory, which was observed in the leading states of the world in the 18th-19th centuries.
The main feature of the industrial revolution was industrialization – the transition from a predominantly agrarian economy to industrial production, which resulted in the transformation of the agrarian society into an industrial one.
The beginning of the industrial revolution is associated with the invention of an efficient steam engine in Great Britain in the second half of the 17th century. Although such an invention itself would hardly have produced anything (the necessary technical solutions were known before), but at that time English society was prepared to use innovations on a large scale. This was due to the fact that England by that time had moved from a static traditional society to a society with developed market relations and an active entrepreneurial class. In addition, England had sufficient financial resources (since it was a world trade leader and owned colonies), brought up in the traditions of the Protestant work ethic by the population and a liberal political system in which the state did not suppress economic activity.
The industrial revolution is associated not only with the beginning of the mass use of machines, but also with a change in the whole structure of society. It was accompanied by a sharp increase in labor productivity, rapid urbanization, the beginning of rapid economic growth (before that, economic growth, as a rule, was noticeable only at the scale of centuries) and an increase in the living standard of the population.

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