How did the Neolithic revolution spread on Earth? What was the contribution of the ancient inhabitants of the territory of modern Russia to the Neolithic revolution?
At the settlement of farmers and pastoralists at the turn of the VIII-VII millennia BC. Chaiyonu-Tepesi in Asia Minor found the most ancient products made of native copper. From V – IV millennia BC in the Middle East, the Eneolithic period begins – the Copperstone Age (transitional from the Stone to the Bronze Age). On the territory of Europe, the beginning of the Eneolithic period dates back to the 3rd millennium BC. The Bronze Age began in the Middle East at the end of the 4th – 3rd millennium BC, and in Europe in the 2nd millennium BC. Iron products (Iron Age) began to be made from the end of the 2nd millennium BC. e. in Asia Minor and in the 1st millennium BC in Europe. After the development of mass production of iron ore products, stone tools finally disappeared.
Neolithic revolution on the territory of modern Russia. In the steppes of the Southern Urals and the Volga region, archaeologists have found the bones of domestic animals (cows, goats, sheep), which they began to breed 8-7 thousand years ago. These are the oldest traces of a manufacturing economy in Russia. Pets were brought here by settlers from the southern lands. People who once lived in the Southern Urals also contributed to the Neolithic Revolution. It is here that the world’s oldest bones of domesticated horses were found. The advent of domesticated horses has dramatically accelerated the course of history. Horses facilitated communication between different peoples, which contributed to their mutual development. It is no coincidence that in regions where there was no opportunity to tame a horse, development was slow (America, Australia).
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