How do consciousness and subconsciousness relate to each other?

Consciousness is an object or thinking mind. It is devoid of memory and can hold only one thought at a time. It performs four essential functions. First, it identifies incoming information. Information is provided by all five senses – vision, hearing, smell, touch, taste.
Our consciousness continuously observes and classifies everything that happens outside of us.
The second function of your consciousness is comparison.
The third function of consciousness is analysis; it always precedes the fourth function – decision making.
The subconscious mind has no opinion, it is based on ideas, and consciousness on concepts. When we recognize external objects or complex pictures, a comparison is made in our head with models from memory, associations are triggered. This is a subconscious model from memory, and consciousness is a meaningful model that can be given a specific definition.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.