Taking poems by heart is one of the most difficult school duties, especially difficult for some students who do not have a phenomenal memory. And capable students would like to finish such a task as quickly as possible – and at the same time not forget what they learned the next day. All people are different. Someone learns poems easily and easily: just read the text a few times, and it is already stored in the memory. And for some, the problem of how to quickly learn a poem becomes unsolvable. But despite all the differences, nothing is impossible for anyone. You just need to take into account some factors that can affect the speed and quality of memorizing poetry. Especially if it concerns school children:
1) the environment – it is better to learn poems in silence and alone, but if you are constantly distracted by extraneous noises or other people, then you can hardly expect a decent result.
2) Individual features of memory: someone remembers better what they heard from others, someone-written personally, and for someone the ideal option to remember the text is the one when it is spoken and read independently.
3) Cultural baggage: if a child is used to literature from childhood, if he constantly read books, then he can feel the rhythm of the verse at the level of the subconscious.
4) memorizing Time: it is believed that the brain works best in the morning, so the main load on memorizing should fall on this time, a little later, before going to bed, you need to repeat the text, and the next morning it will be printed in memory.
Never start learning a poem by heart without first reading it and fully assimilating its meaning. a Good teacher before asking the study of a poem, will expressively read it in front of the class and will understand its meaning with the students, tell them where to make intonation accents, and explain the meaning of incomprehensible words.
When you begin to study a poem, adhere to the following conditions:
1) you Do not need to try to learn a verse by heart at the last moment (in the morning at Breakfast or at recess before the lesson), and long before it is delivered (learned poems are often quite quickly “erased” from the head). The ideal option is to study 2 days before delivery, in the evening (preferably before bed), although this is individual: if you remember information better in the morning-learn a poem in the morning.
2) Learn a verse in complete silence and solitude: turn off the TV, put aside your mobile phone, ask your family not to disturb you, close the door to the room and completely immerse yourself in the process of memorizing.
3) Do not start studying on the run, in a hurry, in between, being annoyed or upset about something- a bad mood or thoughts about other, more important things for you will constantly distract and will not allow you to focus on the task.
It is best to start memorizing the poem two days before its delivery. On the first day, set aside 20-30 minutes for this activity before going to bed. It has long been noticed that learned at night is better remembered. The next day, take about an hour to memorize the poem before going to bed. If you have much less time left, then in order to learn a poem, you can try using this algorithm:
* read the poem aloud at least 2-3 times;
* try to think of associations to what you are reading, imagine in detail the picture that the poem describes;
* read the poem again at a slower pace and with an expression, try to remember the form and tenses of the words;
* rewrite the poem on paper, saying it out loud;
* read the first line aloud several times, then repeat it without looking at the text. Now read the first and second lines together several times and repeat them from memory. Add the following lines in the same way. A long poem should be divided into several “cycles” of 4-8 lines;
* if some place in the text is not remembered, you can write out the word that begins a complex piece, let it serve as a small cheat sheet.
Thanks to constant repetitions in this way, you can quickly learn by heart a medium-sized verse (3-4 stanzas) in half an hour. To quickly and easily learn poems, as well as learn other information in preparation for lessons, you need to constantly train your memory, eat well and sleep enough time for your age.