Before the start of the work of the archaeological expedition, its members study the literature of the area where the research is supposed to be. Then the monument itself is found. Quite often, it opens by accident, especially during excavation work, sometimes with natural soil erosion. The first field stage of the work of archaeologists is exploration, when a continuous survey of the area is carried out, all monuments are entered on the map-plan with conventional archaeological designations; at the same time, a preliminary survey of the main object is carried out, including measurement, collection of lifting material and pitting (the pit is a 1 x 1 pit), that is, carrying out small earthworks.
Archaeologists have discovered many interesting monuments using aerial photography. This is the Etruscan city of Spina, ancient roads and places of Roman military camps in the Syrian desert … Sometimes aerial photography reveals archaeological monuments under water at a depth of 7 m. This is how the sweat structures of the Phoenician city of Tara were discovered, which turned out to be flooded by the waters of the Mediterranean Sea.
At the end of the exploration, excavations begin. Layer by layer, archaeologists remove the soil. Each such layer, it is called a stock, is approximately 18-20 cm. This is slightly less than the blade of a shovel. For the work to be successful, archaeologists divide the monument into sections (excavations). The material collected during the excavation is sent to the institute, where it is purified, restored and studied.
Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.