How does the meaning of the word “humanism” differ today from its meaning in the 15th century? Why is there such a difference?

The word “humanism” in the 15th-16th centuries meant an increased interest in all types of human activity, but did not include a moral assessment of this activity: Rabelais and Columbus, Luther and Loyola were equally humanists. The idea of the need to limit the “comprehensive self-expression” of the human person by laws arose only in the 17th century, after the costs of “boundless humanism” became clear to everyone.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.