How has dualism influenced the political development of Austria-Hungary?

The Austrian empire was transformed into a dualistic (dual) Austria-Hungary in 1867. Austria and Hungary now had complete independence in internal affairs, their own parliaments and governments. They were united by a common monarch, as well as the ministries of foreign affairs and defense. These ministers were accountable only to the emperor. He also reserved the right to appoint prime ministers in both halves of the empire, to convene and dissolve parliaments in them, etc. Moreover, dualism brought about the democratization of political life: constitutions and parliaments acted, political parties arose, and freedom of the press.

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