Coronaviruses are a family of RNA-containing viruses that most often cause diseases in animals, and some of them in humans. In humans, the infection usually occurs in a mild form with symptoms of SARS, without causing severe complications. COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by a new type of coronavirus that humans are believed to have contracted from animals. The exact source of infection has not yet been determined.
How does the virus spread?
– When coughing and sneezing
– When shaking hands
– Through items
– Increased body temperature (in >90% of cases)
– Cough (dry or with a small amount of sputum) in 80% of cases
– Shortness of breath (in 55% of cases)
– Chest tightness (in >20% of cases)
The disease is transmitted through small drops released from the patient’s nose or mouth when coughing or sneezing. These drops fall on the surrounding objects and surfaces. Other people may become infected by first touching such objects or surfaces, and then touching their eyes, nose, or mouth. In addition, infection can occur by inhaling small droplets that are released when a person with COVID‑19 coughs or sneezes. For this reason, it is important to keep away from the sick person at a distance of more than 1 meter. The risk of infection through the air is much lower.
How to protect yourself and others?
– Avoid crowded areas if possible.
– If the weather allows, go outside in gloves, use a sanitizer.
– When coughing and sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a napkin or the crook of your elbow. – Immediately throw the napkin in a trash container with a lid and treat your hands with an alcohol-containing antiseptic or wash them with soap and water.
– Do not touch your eyes, nose, or mouth with your hands.
– Keep at least two meters away from people.
– Avoid public transport.
– If possible, use the Elevator to avoid touching the railing when walking up the stairs, but do not enter the Elevator with other people.
– Before entering the house, treat your hands with a sanitizer, then wash your hands with soap.
“Don’t wear street clothes at home.
– Do not call guests and do not go to visit.
– Monitor the humidity of the room.
– Drink more liquid-dehydration leads to dryness of the mucous membranes and reduces their protective function.
– Do not travel to countries with a high risk of an epidemic.
– Call an ambulance as soon as possible if your temperature rises, you start coughing, or you have difficulty breathing (103 from your mobile phone). If you have visited areas with a high risk of infection, tell your doctor.
– Especially take care of your older relatives. Send your grandparents to their dacha, protect them from going to clinics, pharmacies, and stores.
– Stock up on medications that you take all the time-for blood pressure, diabetes, asthma, antipyretics, and so on, to minimize trips to the pharmacy and protect yourself in case of quarantine.
– Organize the delivery of the products home.
As a rule, COVID‑19 coronavirus infection occurs in a mild form, especially in children and healthy young people. However, there is a severe form of infection: in about one in five cases, patients need to be hospitalized. Therefore, concern for yourself and your loved ones is justified. Therefore, it is very important to observe quarantine measures whenever possible to contain the spread of infection and prevent its uncontrolled spread.