How to organize the protection of the population from hazardous chemicals? What measures to protect the population are carried out in advance?

The unpredictability and suddenness of accidents at chemically hazardous facilities, the high rates of formation and spread of a cloud of contaminated air always require the adoption of operational measures to protect the population.
The main ways to protect the public from accidentally chemically hazardous substances:
• use of personal respiratory protection;
• use of protective structures (shelters);
• temporary shelter of the population in residential and industrial buildings;
• evacuation of the population from areas of potential infection.
Each of these methods can be used in a specific environment on their own or in combination with other methods.
To protect the population from accidentally hazardous substances, the following measures are taken in advance:
• create warning systems and establish the procedure for their use in accidents at chemically hazardous facilities;
• accumulate personal protective equipment and determine the procedure for providing people with them;
• prepare shelters, residential and industrial buildings for protection against accidentally chemically hazardous substances;
• determine the areas of evacuation (temporary relocation) of people;
• outline the most appropriate ways to protect the population, depending on the specific situation and determine a set of measures to prevent and mitigate the defeat of people and preserve their ability to work;
• prepare management bodies and forces designed to eliminate accidents at chemically hazardous facilities, as well as prepare the population for protection against chemically hazardous substances and for actions in the event of chemical contamination.
The organization of the protection of the population from accidentally chemically hazardous substances is entrusted to the bodies of the Civil Defense and Emergencies Ministry and the commission for the prevention and liquidation of emergency situations and ensuring fire safety.

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