Ideological directions of social thought at the beginning of the XX century (classification, directions and ideas) table

Direction Support in society main idea
Conservatism Land aristocracy and peasantry Preserving tradition and order
Liberalism City bourgeoisie Economic and political freedom and equality (but not equalization)
Socialism and Marxism Working class Condemnation of capitalism, the idea of ​​social justice, the replacement of capitalism with socialism, the fight against the arms race and wars

 

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