Immediately after sunset, Stirlitz went outside and saw a bright planet in the east. Which planet is it: Venus or Jupiter?

Since the Sun has just set, and Stirlitz is looking east, the angular distance from the Sun to the planet is currently about 180 °. Venus, as an inner planet, cannot move far from the Sun in the sky (maximum by about 47 °). Consequently, Stirlitz saw Jupiter.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.