Indicate the most important features of the development of an industrial society and the facts of their manifestation in industrial countries

The most important features of the development of an industrial society The facts of their manifestation in industrialized countries
Start of mass production of industrial goods 1) Launch of the first conveyor for the production of cars by G. Ford in the United States. 2) Construction of skyscrapers in the USA. 3) The appearance of the underground in London, New York, Boston, Paris, Budapest. 4) Publishing mass media (newspapers)
Concentration of production and capital 1) The formation of trusts in the United States that controlled a significant part of coal, oil, and steel production. 2) Creation of syndicates and cartels in Germany, which determined the general rules of conduct in the market. 3) The emergence of large joint-stock banks, the formation of financial capital
Strengthening the regulatory role of the state in the economy 1) Antitrust laws (antitrust laws in the United States). 2) The creation of central banks that ensured control over money circulation, commercial banks and the issue of paper money. 3) Laws on the protection of natural resources (USA, 1906-1908). 4) Creation of state-owned companies in the electric power industry, in transport (European countries)
Expansion of the social functions of the state 1) The adoption by 1914 in all European countries of laws on compensation for industrial injuries, insurance systems (for sickness, disability, etc.). 2) The introduction of an 8-hour working day for certain categories of workers (in the UK – for miners), a ban on child labor. 3) Adoption of laws on old-age pensions for workers (1913 – law on pensions for the entire population in Sweden). 4 ) Eliminate the control of the Catholic Church over school education. 5) Introduction of state compulsory schooling

 

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