Indicate the properties of the air masses dominating the territory of Russia

Type of air masses Formation Area Characteristics and Consequences
Arctic (AVM)


Polar latitudes (60-90) low temperatures, low moisture content
Moderate (UVM) Temperate Latitudes (40-60)
  • continental – in winter they are very chilled and have a small moisture content; continental air is dry and hot in summer
  • marine – wet, moderate temperature
Tropical (TBM) Tropical latitudes (20-40)
  • continental – dusty, dry, high temperature
  • marine – high humidity and temperature
Equatorial (mainframe) Equatorial latitude (0-20) high temperature and high humidity
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