International relations in the XVII-XIX centuries. (stages and main content)

Period Stage name Main content
1618-1648 Thirty Years War The first pan-European war, began as a religious clash between Protestants and Catholics of the empire, but then grew into a struggle against the hegemony of the Habsburgs in Europe
The second half XVII in . Balance of power Established as a result of the conclusion of the Peace of Westphalia. The power of the Habsburgs was undermined, none of the largest states was powerful enough to impose their will on other countries
End of XVII – XVIII   Dynastic wars A series of wars, the pretext for which was the hereditary disputes of the monarchs and which pursued the goals of territorial conquests in Europe, redistribution of colonies in their favor and control over world trade routes
Early 19th century (until 1815) Napoleonic Wars Pan-European wars, unleashed by Napoleon, who sought territorial conquest and strengthening the power of France. In these wars, he was opposed by the monarchs of Europe, who perceived Napoleon himself as a usurper of power.
1815 – late 1840s Balance of power It was established as a result of the decisions of the Vienna Congress, at which there was a change in borders in Europe and the restoration of the monarchy in France. Based on close cooperation of the largest states in Europe
1860-1870s National wars Wars for the creation of national states in Europe, the national interests of peoples were the justification for the requirements for revising the borders
1880-1890s Balance of power Significant strengthening of Germany and weakening of Russia and France. The folding of two opposing blocs of countries ( Triple and Russian-French unions), which ensured equilibrium in Europe


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