Is it enough to know the number of chromosomes in a somatic cell to determine what kind of organisms we are talking about?

No, not enough, you need to know other signs of the body. There is no correlation between the number of chromosomes and the level of organization of a given species: primitive forms may have more chromosomes than highly organized ones, and vice versa. For example, in distant species such as a fast lizard and a fox, the number of chromosomes is the same and equal to 38, in humans and ash – 46 chromosomes, in chicken 78, and in crayfish more than 110!

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.