It is said that at the beginning of the 13th century, the Inquisition first appeared in Europe. Where could this have happened?

It is said that at the beginning of the 13th century, the Inquisition first appeared in Europe. Where could this have happened? For what purpose was it created?

The Catholic Inquisition was first created in southern France to eradicate the local heresy of the Cathars after their military defeat by the crusaders of Simon de Montfort in 1207-1209. This Inquisition “worked” until the 1240s, when the Cathars were finished.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.