We list the centers of origin of cultivated plants:
1) South Asian Tropical Center. Tropical India, Indochina, South China, islands of Southeast Asia. Exceptionally rich in cultivated plants (about 1/3 of the known species of cultivated plants). Homeland of rice, sugarcane, many fruit and vegetable crops.
2) East Asian Center. Central and Eastern China, Japan, Taiwan Island, Korea. Homeland of soybean, several types of millet, many fruit and vegetable crops. This center is also rich in species of cultivated plants – about 20% of the world’s diversity.
3) Southwest Asian Center. Asia Minor, Central Asia, Iran, Afghanistan, Northwest India. Homeland of several forms of wheat, rye, many cereals, legumes, grapes, fruit. It spawned 14% of the world’s cultural flora.
4) Mediterranean center. Countries along the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. This center, where the greatest ancient civilizations were located, gave about 11% of the species of cultivated plants. These include olives, many fodder plants (clover, lentils), many vegetable (cabbage) and fodder crops.
5) Abyssinian Center. A small area of the African continent with a very peculiar flora of cultivated plants. Obviously, a very ancient center of distinctive agricultural culture. The birthplace of grain sorghum, one type of banana, oilseed chickpea plant, a number of special forms of wheat and barley.
6) Central American Center. South mexico The birthplace of corn, long-staple cotton, cocoa, a number of pumpkin, and beans is about 90 species of cultivated plants.
7) Andean (South American) center. Includes parts of the Andean mountain range along the west coast of South America. Homeland of many tuberous plants, including potatoes, some medicinal plants (cocaine bush, hinin tree, etc.).