Major discoveries and achievements of Arab scientists in the field of science

Mathematics: Arabic numerals, the concept of “zero” (borrowed from the scientists of Ancient India and contributed to the penetration of this knowledge into Europe); knew the works of Pythagoras, Euclid, Archimedes; created algebra – Al-Khwarizmi; could calculate the circumference; knew the number pi.
Astronomy: the presence of observatories in large cities; calculated eclipses, planetary motion; approximately calculated the circumference of the earth; described the location of the visible stars, gave them names; Al-Biruni (late 10th – early 11th centuries) – The Earth revolves around the Sun. Persian manuscript with Al-Biruni’s drawing explaining the phases of the eclipse.
Geography: Masudi – created maps of countries known to Arabs; essays for merchants, to find profitable markets; a description of the countries that make up the Arab Caliphate; divided the entire land into 5 climatic zones, described the influence of climate on cultural development. al-Masoudi world map.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.