In the 2nd half of the XIV century. In England, a broad movement for the reform of the Catholic Church is developing, the participants of which are various social groups interested in church reform for various reasons:
• royal power in England since the end of the XIII century. burdened by dependence on the papacy, recognized by John Lackland. The policy of the “Avignon” popes hostile to England, who supported France in the Hundred Years War, intensified the actions of the English kings in this direction;
• the nobility of the court and large feudal lords hoped to expand their possessions and increase income through the confiscation of church lands;
• the townspeople also looked at the rich church with hostility and demanded to make it cheaper and simplify rituals;
• especially deep dissatisfaction with the Catholic Church grew in the 60-70s. XIV century. among the peasantry and the urban poor: the church feudal lords stubbornly held on to the corvee and the personal dependence of the peasants; the church pestered the peasants with their tithes and other extortions.
In the second half of the XIV century. in England a broad movement for the reform of the Catholic Church is developing. The various community groups that participated in it were interested in church reform for different reasons.
Royal power in England since the end of the XIII century. weighed down by dependence on the papacy, recognized by John the Landless. The policy of the popes, hostile to England, who, being in Avignon since 1309, supported FRANCE in the Hundred Years War, intensified the actions of the English kings in this direction. The king and parliament, dissatisfied with the fact that the immensely wealthy church was evading state taxes, sought to free it from the influence of the popes and lay hands on the land holdings of the church. The nobility of the court, large feudal lords, knights and townspeople looked at the riches of the church with hostility and sought not only to free the church from the influence of Rome, but also to reform it – to simplify rituals, to deprive it of riches. Church feudal lords were the most cruel exploiters of the peasantry. The church pestered the peasants with her tithes and other extortions.
Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.