Name the features of the social structure of the ancient Eastern states. What were the similarities and differences in the social structure of different countries?
The society was divided into estates, belonging to which was inherited. The nobility and the priests held a high social position. Officials played an important role in government. Merchants, warriors, artisans, and traders had privileges that others did not. Artisans produced goods that were significant to society. The main part of society were farmers, whose community members were responsible for the crimes committed by someone from their community. The social structure had a strict hierarchy of subordination.
The structure of society in ancient Eastern civilizations can be depicted as a hierarchical “social pyramid”. At the top of the hierarchy was the deified ruler, who had full power and was considered the owner of the land.
The similarities in the social structure of the ancient Eastern countries were in the strict hierarchy of society and the existence of such strata of the population as slaves.
However, there were differences in their structure. Thus, in Egypt and China, people could raise their social status for certain merits. And in India, a person under no circumstances could change his belonging to a social group. In Mesopotamia, the rights of various social groups were protected by law, and in Egypt, some groups of people had almost no rights.
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