On Mercury, the temperature rises during the day to +400 ° C. At the same time, in that part of the planet where night reigns

On Mercury, the temperature rises during the day to +400 ° C. At the same time, in that part of the planet where night reigns, the temperature drops to almost -200 ° C. What features of the planet can this be explained? Is this possible on Earth?

Mercury has a very rarefied atmosphere, it slowly rotates around its axis and is very close to the Sun. On Earth, this is impossible.
Due to the fact that the planet Mercury is completely deprived of the atmosphere and because of its proximity to the Sun, heat reigns on its lit side: at noon at the equator of Mercury, the temperature rises 400 ° above zero on the Celsius scale. True, at the opposite point at the same time, it drops to almost 200 ° below zero. On Earth, this is not possible for the reason that our planet is protected by the atmosphere – the air shell of the Earth.

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