On October 5, 2017, a close conjunction of Venus and Mars will be observed. Which planet will be closer to Earth?

On October 5, 2017, a close conjunction of Venus and Mars will be observed. Which planet will be closer to Earth? Which planet will be larger in apparent diameter?

1) (Venus is closer – for the correct answer and explanation)
Since Venus is closer to the Sun than Mars, the conjunction of Venus and Mars is possible only if Venus is closer to the Earth than Mars.
2) (apparent diameter – for the correct answer and explanation)
In addition, the diameter of Venus is larger than that of Mars, so the apparent diameter will be larger for Venus.

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