Persian Conquests: Chronology, Events, Results and Results
July 28, 2020
|547 to n. e.
||War broke out between the Persian kingdom and Lydia. According to legend, before starting a war with the Persians, the Lydian king Croesus turned to the Delphic oracle for advice. He predicted to him that in the course of the war the fall of the great kingdom would occur, but he did not say which one. Croesus set out to meet the Persians with a mounted army. The Persians resorted to military cunning: they sent camels ahead of their troops. The horses of the Lydians , frightened by the sight of these animals, fled. Croesus’s army was defeated
||Lydia was subdued, and King Croesus himself was captured by the Persians
|538 to n. e.
||The conquest of the Babylonian kingdom. The Old Testament tells about the feast of the last Babylonian king Belshazzar, who decided on blasphemy: he ordered to bring gold and silver sacred vessels from the temple of Jerusalem to drink wine from them. When the feast was in full swing, an invisible hand on the wall of the hall inscribed a letter: “Mene, Mene, Tekel , Upar Sin “, which, as the prophet Daniel interpreted them to the king, foreshadowed the imminent destruction of both the kingdom of Babylon and the king himself. Belshazzar was killed that same night
||Babylon was defeated. But Cyrus failed to enjoy his conquests. During one of the trips to Central Asia
he died. In memory of him, the Persians built a tomb, which has survived to our time.
|525 to n. e.
||Cyrus’ son continued his conquests and went to Egypt
||Conquest of Egypt
|VI-V centuries. BC e.
||The campaigns of Darius I. His interests extended much further: to Europe and India
||The campaigns to Scythia and Greece ended in his defeat, and he was forced to return
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