Byzantium – Empire:
● unlimited power of the emperor – the head of government, the only legislator, the supreme judge and commander in chief.
Resembled oriental despotism, but had significant features
● the rank of the emperor was deified, and not the person who wore it;
● power was not inherited and was limited by law.
Strong centralization maintained the integrity of the state, but the government was isolated from society, and could not respond in a timely manner to socio-economic changes (inflexible).
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