Politics of Sargon II (722-705)

• maintained a balance between the military and commercial-priestly parties, the return of the former privileges to the temples of Assyria and Babylonia
• the defeat of the kingdom of Israel, the capture of Samaria, the inhabitants were resettled to new places
• crushing blow to Urartu (714) -> leaves the historical arena. But clashes with nomads Cimmerians (came from Transcaucasia)
• New territories in Media
• Subordination of Karkemish – an important trade center
• Clash with Egypt
• a new Assyrian capital was founded – the residence of the king, the city of Dur-Sharrukin (on the Tigris river)

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