Reasons for the Rise of Ashur

• The original center of Assyrian culture – the city of Ashur – the new cities of Ninevich, Arbela. The language is originally a dialect of Akkadian.
• The concept of “Old Assyrian period” is largely artificial, since then Assyria did not yet exist. The history took place locally in the city of Ashur, or in some centuries it did not have political independence at all. Ashur was part of the Akkadian Empire and the Kingdom of the III dynasty of Ur.
• Around 1970 BC. e. power passes to the indigenous Ashurians. The rapid growth of trade and production, the penetration of merchants into neighboring countries.
• After the invasion of the Amorites in 1807 BC. Ashur entered the fragile state of Shamshi-Adad I. The king placed his son in the city. Old Assyrian writing was abolished -> Babylonian
• In the middle of the XVIII century BC. e. the state of Shamshi-Adad disintegrated and Ashur was conquered by the Babylonian king Hammurabi. Around 1720 BC e. the ruler from the clan of the Amorite leader Shamshi-Adad restored independence. Subsequent rulers were weak or at least newly dependent on the popular assembly (city council)

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