The sculpture of China is represented in many ancient sculptural monuments that speak of the high level of creativity of the Chinese people. Various multi-tiered structures (pagodas), which are symbols of Buddhist heaven, as well as burials and cave complexes with ancient sculptures found there, are considered the most valuable architectural monuments in China. The cave monasteries near Luoyang, Binglinsa and many other places have well-preserved works of highly developed ancient visual arts: sculptures and excellent wall paintings.
The emergence of sculptural art was closely associated with the development of crafts, in particular, the manufacture of burial urns, ritual vessels, and other religious items. The oldest sculptures of Ancient China were found during excavations in the northwestern part of the country. There were found objects of “Yangshao culture” – an ancient Neolithic culture that developed in the basin of the river. Yellow River in 5-3 thousand BC Often there were earthenware vessels, colorfully painted with nets, spirals and shells, which are the embodiment of ancient ideas about the world. The figurative motives of Yangshao include drawings of stylized natural objects and elements embodied in the ornament and forms of vessels.
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