Sectors of the economy of the states of the Ancient East

In all states of the Ancient East (except Egypt), there were 2 sectors of the economy associated with types of land ownership:
1. The communal sector of the economy, where ownership of land belonged to territorial communities, and movable property was the private property of communes who cultivated the allotments of land allocated by the community;
2. The state sector of the economy, which included land owned by the state in the person of the king, as well as land granted to temples. The land was cultivated by formally free, but powerless “tsarist people”.
Thus, in the state and communal sector, slave labor (patriarchal type of slaveholding relations) was used as auxiliary labor.

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