Servius Tullius’ reforms

As a result of the reform, the plebeians were incorporated into the populas romanus (Roman people).
Servius Tullius divided the entire male population of Rome – patricians and plebeians – into 5 classes. Belonging to one class or another was determined by the property qualification.
The first class included those whose property was estimated at 100 thousand aces,
to the II class – 75 thousand aces,
to III class – 50 thousand aces,
to IV class – 25 thousand aces,
to the V class – 12.5 thousand aces.
The poorest strata of the population, the poor, did not belong to any of the classes and were called proletarians (from the Latin proles – offspring). This name emphasized that all their property and wealth consisted only of offspring.

The reform was of great military importance. The Roman army was now being built depending on the new division into property classes. Each class exhibited a certain number of centuries (hundreds):
• I class exhibited 80 infantry centuries and 18 equestrian centuries;
• II, III, IV classes – 20 infantry centuries each;
• V class exhibited 30 centuria of lightly armed infantrymen. In addition, 5 more non-combatant centuries were exhibited, one of them by proletarians.
The armament of the conscripts was also differentiated depending on their belonging to a particular class:
• representatives of the 1st class had to either keep a horse, or appear in full heavy armor;
• for representatives of subsequent classes, the armament was lightweight;
• class V warriors were armed only with a bow and arrow.

The second part of the reforms is the division of the free population according to the territorial principle. The city of Rome was divided into 4 tribes, to which 17 rural tribes were then added. All citizens living in a given district were enrolled in the territorial tribe. They were subordinate to the headman, who was also responsible for collecting taxes. Later, the territorial tribes began to convene their own meetings, in which each tribe had one vote.

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