Supporters and opponents of the Reformation in France (comparison of the policies of the Huguenots and Catholics)

GUGENOTS Supporters Reasons for supporting the Reformation
Representatives of the old nobility Were dissatisfied with the strengthening of the king’s power
Part of the nobility Poor as a result of the price revolution, they wanted to get rich at the expense of church wealth
Part of the townspeople Were dissatisfied with the rise in taxes
The emerging layer of entrepreneurs They tried to make the church cheap. Were dissatisfied with the rise in taxes
Peasants Were dissatisfied with the growth of seigneurial and church fees
CATHOLICS Supporters Reasons for supporting the Counter-Reformation
Valois dynasty Fearing that a split in the church would lead to the collapse of the state
Catholic Church She did not want to lose her wealth and influence in the country
Part of the nobility They were afraid of losing their privileges, since they were in the service of the king and received a salary
Citizens and peasants of northern France They considered it necessary to preserve the traditional way of life. Many were against the Huguenots, as there were many nobles among them

Output. In the middle of the XVI century. the population of France split into two parts. Weak royal power could not bring order to the country – a small spark was enough to break out a religious war. This happened in 1562, when the leader of the Catholics – the Duke of Guise – attacked a peaceful assembly of Huguenots in the town of Vassi . This event was the beginning of an open military confrontation between Catholics and Huguenots.


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