Table Development of the economy of the Eastern Slavs in the South and North (settlements, agriculture, tools, trades and trade)

Settlements South North
There was a shortage of water and constant dangers, people settled in large masses, crowded into huge villages.
There were many cities in the South that served as centers of trade
Swampy and wooded area, there were few dry places. Villages with a small population (3-4 yards) prevailed.
There were few cities
Agriculture In the southern regions, there was more fertile land, and free areas were simply sown. When, after a few years, the land was depleted, they moved to a new site. Later, in the 7th-8th centuries, plowed agriculture appeared with two -field and even three-field. Perelog: they used the land for 2-3 years, and when the soil was depleted, they moved to another place Large forested areas impeded agriculture.
Slash-and-burn system:
1 year: cut down the forest
2 years: dried trees burned and sown grain directly into the ash, using it as fertilizer. After 2-3 years, the land was depleted, it was necessary to move to a new site.
s / Culture agricultural rye, wheat, barley, millet
garden turnip, cabbage, beets, carrots, radish, garlic
technical flax, hemp
Guns Sokha, ralo, plow with iron share Ax, hoe, plow, spade
Cattle breeding Livestock raising was closely connected with agriculture. Slavs bring out wine, cows, small ruminants.
Oxen Horses
Crafts Gathering and hunting continue to play an essential role in the life of the Slavs. The main trades are: licking wild hunting , salting, bee-keeping, hunting and fishing The grain growers of the north were not motivated to expand their plowing. the land was poor, it was difficult to plow, and they were far from large markets. In order to make up for the meager earnings from arable farming, the inhabitants turned to the trades: licensed bestial hunting , salt production , bee-keeping, hunting and fishing.
Trade The main thing in the economy was foreign trade.
Traded in bread, wax, honey, fur with Rome and Byzantium
Too far from the seaside markets, foreign trade did not become the driving force of the national economy
The domestic market was poorly developed, mainly there was an exchange of agricultural products for handicrafts

 

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