Table Poetic syntax (Syntax figure name and examples)

Syntactic figure name a brief description of An example from a poetic text
A rhetorical question Syntactic technique; question not requiring an answer The snow is falling thick, thick. 
Keeping up with him, with those feet,
At the same pace, with that laziness, 
Or at the same speed,
Maybe time passes? 
Maybe year after year 
Followed like snow 
or like words in a poem? (B.L. Pasternak)
Rhetorical exclamation Syntactic technique; an exclamation point conveying an emotionally expressive attitude towards the depicted … And, having ripped off an immoderate fee, 
My attorney at law exclaimed;
“Before you stands a citizen
Cleaner than the snow of the Alpine peaks! ..” (N. A. Nekrasov)
Rhetorical appeal Syntactic technique; appeal that does not contain instructions on a specific addressee Hello, the
Young tribe  , unfamiliar!
I’m not 
going to see your mighty late age … (A.S. Pushkin)
Repeat Stylistic figure; repetition in a poetic text of the same words or expressions I’m looking for transparency, 
not ghostly, 
I’m looking for gratitude, 
not recognition (S. I. Kirsanov)
Gradation Repetition of semantically similar words that, gradually reinforcing each other, create and artistically enhance one image “In the old days they liked to eat well, they liked to drink even better, and even better they liked to have fun.” (N.V. Gogol)
Antithesis Stylistic figure based on contrast, opposition of concepts, images They got along. 
Wave and stone, 
Poems and prose, ice and fire 
Not so different from each other … (A.S. Pushkin)
Inversion Stylistic figure, consisting in violation of the generally accepted grammatical sequence of speech “The doorman, he slipped past the doors along the marble steps …” (A. Pushkin)
Pleonasm Stylistic figure; repetition of homogeneous words and phrases that have different stylistic functions depending on the context I will laugh with my bitter laugh “(N. V. Gogol)
Alogism Incompatibility, illogical combination of concepts, deliberate violation of logical connections in the work Drank dead! didn’t sleep for nine nights!
He rejected everything: laws! conscience! faith! (A.S. Griboyedov)
Anacoluthon Stylistic device, syntactic inconsistency of parts of the sentence as an unconscious violation of the language norm; widely used in humorous and satirical genres And animals from the forests come running to watch,
How the ocean will be and whether it will burn hot … ( I.A.Krylov  )
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