Table Technical inventions and discoveries of the 19th century

date Invention Author Value
1800 Metal lathe Maudsley (England) Making machines with machines
  Automatic textile machine J. M. Jacquard (France) Replaced manual labor
1856 Converter G. Bessemer (England) Smelt steel
  Melting furnace Brothers E. and P. Martin (France) Smelting higher quality steel
1825 First Stockton – Darlington Railway George Stephenson (England) The beginning of the coup in the field of transport, the railway boom
1879 The first train Ernst Werner Siemens Using electricity for the railroad
1803 First steamer (tested on the Seine river) R. Fulton (France) Replacement of the sailing fleet with steam
1807 Steamer ” Clermont  R. Fulton Replacement of the sailing fleet with steam
1819 Steamer “Savannah”   made a transatlantic trip
1803 Steam engine car Evans (USA), Trevithick (England) The appearance of the first car
1885 Gasoline engine car Karl Benz (Germany)  
1895 The prototype of the modern car Gottlieb Daimler (Germany)  
1908 Car “model  Henry Ford (USA) The advent of a cheap car
June 4, 1783 Hot air balloon (balloon) flight The Montgolfier brothers (France) perfected by Jacques Charles First flight in the air
1900 Airship “Zeppelin” (length 128 m) Ferdinand von Zeppelin (Germany) Flying a body heavier than air, controlled by a balloon
1902 Gasoline engine glider Wright Brothers (USA) The beginning of aircraft construction
1803 The invention of the spranel (explosive shell) H. Spranel (England) Increased destructive power of weapons
1862 The invention of nitroglycerin, the manufacture of dynamite Alfred Nobel (Sweden) Obtaining weapons of great destructive power
1835 Revolver Samuel Colt (USA) Automatic weapons
1875 Electric arc lamp P.N. Yablochkov (Russia) Electric lighting of public places
1880 Incandescent lamp T. Edison (USA) Oveschenie indoor
1843 Baltimore-Washington Telegraph Line Using Code Alphabet Morse Information transfer, communication
1899 Wireless telegraph (radio) A. Popov (Russia) G. Marconi (Italy) Information transfer, communication
1876 Telephone M. Gray, A. Bell (USA) Information transfer, communication

 

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