Tell us about the innate forms of behavior: unconditioned reflexes, instincts and imprinting.

Unconditioned reflexes are constant for each species. They are inherent in all individuals of a given species, age and gender and appear in them equally. Change of unconditioned reflexes with age occurs as naturally as a change of teeth. So, newborn babies of all types of mammals react with a food reaction to the mammary glands of the female, this reflex disappears with age. Instincts are a more complex form of innate behavior: it is a whole chain of successively related reflex acts. The Latin word instinct is translated as “motivation”. Instincts are associated with internal needs, sometimes changing with age. In humans and animals, there are not only incentive, but inhibitory unconditioned reflexes and instincts. The former are called positive, because they cause active actions, the latter – negative, since they cease to act. Imprinting, or imprinting. In the first days, months, sometimes years of life, there is a period when the whole environment surrounding the child or the baby of the animal is imprinted in the brain. Let us recall the difficulty with which we comprehend a foreign language at school and how, without the expenditure of great efforts, we master speech in a toddler. Thanks to capturing, we remember our parents, distinguish individuals of one species from individuals of other species, finally, master the speech.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.