Tell us about the political structure of the Italian kingdom. Express your opinion about the changes in the political life of the country that took place in the 70s. XIX century
After the unification, the country was formed as a constitutional monarchy. According to the constitution, King Victor Emmanuel II shared the legislative power with a bicameral parliament (senate and chamber of deputies). Senators were appointed by the king for life, and deputies were elected to the lower house. However, only 2% of the country’s residents could use this right: the suffrage was granted only to men over 25 years old, who, moreover, could read and write. There was also a property qualification.
The constitution proclaimed all democratic rights, and the executive power belonged to the monarch. Italy remained a country dominated by the Catholic religion. In 1871, the king signed a law declaring the pope a sacred and inviolable person, but his territorial possessions were limited to the Vatican. In Italy, there was a process of creating political parties.
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