Tell us about the rules for safe behavior in case of fires and explosions.

In case of fire or explosion, it is important to maintain composure, quickly assess the situation and make the right decision. In case of fire or the threat of collapse of the building, it is necessary to leave it as soon as possible using the main and emergency (fire) exits or stairs (external, attached). Elevators must not be used. When the stairwells smoke, close the doors facing them tightly and exit to the balcony. From there, you can be evacuated by the fire escape or through another apartment. If a dangerous concentration of smoke is formed and the temperature in the room (room) rises, you need to go to the balcony and close the door tightly. You need to take a soaked blanket (carpet, any dense fabric) with you to cover yourself from fire in case it penetrates through the door and window openings. If there is no fire on the lower floors and it is dangerous to stay in the room, you can try to go down to the floor below using tightly knitted sheets, curtains, and ropes. It is necessary to go down one by one, insuring each other. Such a way of salvation is associated with a risk to life and is permissible only when there is no other way. You should not jump from the windows (from balconies) of the upper floors of buildings, as this, as a rule, is fatal. When rescuing victims from a burning building, before entering there, one must cover his head with a wet blanket (coat, cloak, piece of dense fabric). Open the door to a smoky room carefully to avoid a flash of flame from the rapid influx of fresh air. In a very smoky room, it is necessary to advance by crawling or crouching, and breathe through a moistened tissue. After the removal of the victim, he must be given first aid and sent to the nearest medical center.
If an explosion occurred in a building and a person is able to move, he must see which of the people needs help. If possible, report by phone 01, 02, 03 what happened. Do not use the stairs, and especially the elevator, in order to leave the building: they could receive serious damage (destruction). It is only necessary to leave the building in the event of a fire that has begun and when there is a threat of collapse of the building structures. If you fill up with a fallen partition, furniture, you need to help yourself and those who come to the rescue: give signals (knock on metal objects, ceilings) to be heard and discovered. Try to do this when the rescue equipment is stopped (in “minutes of silence”). Having been injured, you need to give yourself all possible assistance. Try to get comfortable, remove sharp and hard objects from yourself, take cover. If any part of the body is pressed down, it is necessary to massage it to maintain blood circulation.
If the building is damaged by an explosion, one must also enter it with extreme caution. It is necessary to make sure that there are no significant damages to the ceilings, walls, electric, gas and water supply lines, as well as gas leakage and fire sources.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.