Tell us about the teachings of Muhammad. What was its appeal to Arabs and other peoples? What are the similarities

Tell us about the teachings of Muhammad. What was its appeal to Arabs and other peoples? What are the similarities and differences between Islam and Christianity?

Arab tribes often fought with each other, but a man named Muhammad (c. 570 – 632) managed to unite the Arabs under the banner of faith in one God. Muhammad became the founder of the third, after Buddhism and Christianity, world religion – Islam.
Muhammad, who lived in Mecca, preached faith in Allah and called for the performance of godly deeds – for example, redeeming slaves free, helping the poor, orphans and widows. In 622 he was forced to flee to the neighboring city of Yathrib (later – Medina).
Uniting his followers in Medina, Muhammad led a struggle against Mecca, which in 631 ended with the conclusion of peace. The Meccans recognized Muhammad’s authority and accepted his teachings. Gradually, all the Arab tribes joined the teachings of Muhammad. With the aim of spreading Islam throughout the world, the Arabs began military operations against Byzantium and Iran.
Translated from Arabic, Islam means “obedience”, “devotion to the will of Allah.” Another name for this religion is Islam.
The teachings of Islam says: “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is His prophet.” Muslims must perform namaz (prayer) five times a day, observe fasting during the month of Ramadan, pay taxes to the poor, and make a pilgrimage (hajj) to Mecca. The basic commandments of Islam, as well as the sayings of Muhammad, are recorded in the Quran. The Koran, the holy book of Muslims, was at the same time a collection of laws. Many Muslims also revere the Sunnah – a collection of sayings of the prophet and stories about him.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.