In 553 BC. e. against the Median king Astyages (son of Cyaxar), the Persians revolted, led by their king Cyrus -> within three years they conquered the mussel and overthrew Astyages -> conquered Lydia and other countries to the borders with India -> approached the borders with Babylonia -> Nabonidus returned for the organization of defense, but the country was blocked from all sides by the Persians + the forces of the Persians were much superior
Dissatisfaction with Nabonidus: priests (religious reform), merchants (traditional trade routes in the hands of the Persians), forcibly driven peoples + indifference of artisans and peasants.
539 BC – the invasion of the Persians, the defeat of the Babylonians at the city of Opis, the capture of the city of Sippar -> the defense of Babylon (led by Nabonidus) -> Babylon fell.
October 12, 539 BC e. the Persians entered Babylon -> 17 days later, King Cyrus II entered the city -> Nabonidus was taken prisoner and exiled to honorable exile, and his son Belshazzar was killed (or executed).
Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.