The first star is brighter than the second. Does this mean that the first star is closer to us?

The first star is not necessarily closer. The brightness of a star is related to its surface temperature. The star may be further away, but its luminosity may be greater.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.