The history of the development of crafts in ancient China

In the II millennium BC. e. Yin artisans knew the production of silk and lacquerware, but they achieved greater perfection in the production of black and white ceramics, as well as in the technique of casting bronze. The high development of handicrafts is also evidenced by the fact of production specialization of certain regions even during the formation of the centralized Chinese state (5th-3rd centuries BC).
The craft developed further more rapidly with the establishment of feudal production relations in China. Then such products of artisans’ labor as silk, brocade, iron, white ceramics and lacquerware, China began to export along the Great Silk Road far to the west, trading them even with the Mediterranean countries. In the VII – IX centuries. there were already many large cities that became centers of feudal handicraft production.
The flourishing of handicraft production falls in the XIV-XVII centuries, when it began to play a predominant role in the production of industrial goods. At this time, new branches of production arose, artistic craft reached great perfection. Then in China there were already more than 50 cities with a population of more than 100 thousand people, and cities such as Chang’an (now Xian), Luoyang, Beijing, Nanjing, Kaifeng, Hangzhou, had over a million inhabitants.

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