The main directions of development of modern biology
There are three main directions of development of modern biology.
- Classical biology. This includes natural scientists who study the diversity of living nature. They objectively observe and analyze everything that happens in living nature, study living organisms and classify them.
- Evolutionary biology. The founder of the theory of natural selection, Charles Darwin (1809–1882) started out as an ordinary naturalist: he traveled, observed, described and collected living organisms. Subsequently, he generalized this material, and the result of his work was a theory explaining the diversity of life on our planet, which made him a famous scientist. The study of the evolution of living organisms is actively continued by evolutionary scientists to this day, and the synthesis of evolutionary theory and genetics led to the creation of the so-called synthetic theory of evolution. Thanks to the use of advanced physicochemical methods, important discoveries have also been made about the origin of life on our planet. New discoveries made it possible to supplement the theory of anthropogenesis (human origin). Research in this direction continues.
- Physicochemical biology is a new rapidly developing area of biology, which is important both in theoretical and practical terms. The discoveries made in this direction will make it possible to solve many global problems facing mankind (food production, search for new energy sources, environmental protection, etc.).
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