The main directions of the fine arts of the 1960s

Directions Ideas and characteristics Representatives
Pop Art In a certain context, every object (material thing) loses its original meaning and becomes a work of art. The artist’s task is not to create an artistic object, but to impart artistic qualities to an everyday object by organizing a certain context for its perception (the scale and material change, the technique or technical method is exposed). Collage principle of creating an art object. Pop art aims to bring art closer to life, blurring the lines between them E. Warhol , R. Hamilton, R. Rauschenberg , J. Jones, K. Oldenburg
Hyperrealism He strove for photographic accuracy of the image. Hyperrealists create false reality, convincing illusion C. Close , F. Gertch , J. Monory
Conceptualism The concept of a work is more important than its physical expression, the purpose of art is to convey an idea. Conceptual objects can exist in the form of phrases, texts, diagrams, graphs, drawings, photographs, audio and video materials M. Duchamp , J. Cosat
Op art (optical art) The art of visual illusion, based on the features of the visual perception of flat and spatial figures. By using complex devices, a variety of lighting effects were achieved, which created the illusion of an unreal world V. Vasarely , E. Finzi
Kinetic art Creation of similarity of complex mechanical devices. Objects are moving installations, producing interesting combinations of light and shadow as they move, sometimes sounding. These carefully constructed devices made of metal, glass or other materials, coupled with flashing lights, are called ” mobiles  N. Schaeffer, H. Le Park, J. Tinguely


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